In a crucial session of Rajya Sabha on Wednesday, the upper house passed three important and significant labor reform bills that will remove the obstacles for winding up of companies and will also allow firing employees without the permission of the government in offices and firms up to 300 workers.
The Upper House of the Parliament passed the three remaining labor codes on social security, occupational safety, and industrial relations via voice note judgment amid the objection and boycott of these reforms by the opposing parties including eight MPs and Congress. Earlier on Tuesday, the Lower House of the Parliament, Lok Sabha gave a nod to these three codes. Now, the final consent of the President is awaited, which will mark the ink on these bills.
Responding to the questions raised by the opposition on these labor reforms bills, Labour Minister Santosh Gangwar was noted saying, “The main purpose of these reform bills is to provide a transparent system to suit the changing environment in business.”
The Labour Minister told the house that many states have already raised the limit for closure, lay off in firms up to 300 employees without the permission of the government proving the confidence of the bill among the firms.
He said that this bill will encourage more employment generation as the threshold will be raised and the firms deliberately keeping the threshold lower than the limit will be now checked.
According to the minister, more than 25 labor laws have been added into these four codes and one of them has already been given the green signal.
The laws regulating matters such as health, safety, and working conditions of the people employed will be amended and consolidated in an establishment and concerning matters by the Occupational Safety, Health and Working Conditions Code, 2020.
Whereas, the laws related to conditions of employment in industrial establishments and trade unions, will be amended and consolidated by the Industrial Relations Code, 2020.
The laws regarding the social security of workers and employees will be consolidated by the Code on Social Security, 2020.
In 2019, The Code on Wages was passed by both the houses and the passing of these remaining bills will complete the reformation of the labor laws.