On early morning of January 17, 2020, Indian Science Research Organization launched a high-power communication satellite GSAT-30 to replace the ageing satellite INSAT 4A, which was launched in 2005. GSAT-30 was launched aboard Ariane 5 VA-251 rocket by Arianespace in French Guiana, France, which has been ISRO’s longtime collaborator.
GSAT-30 with its normal 12 C-band and 12 Ku-band transponders has been launched to replace INSAT 4A, which is used by multiple cable operators in order to air their programs and shows in abroad countries. In the C band, the satellite provides extended coverage in areas from Australia to Europe, whereas in the Ku-band, it provides coverage in India and nearby islands. GSAT-30 will play a crucial role in allowing this broadcast over extended areas.
According to Kailasavadivoo Sivan, chairman of ISRO, the satellite has a mission life of more than 15 years. Weighing over 3357 kg, GSAT-30 will mainly contribute to proffering direct-to-home television services, stock exchange updates, and tele-linking and teleport services. It would also help in advancement of Digital Satellite News Gathering and e-governance applications. Moreover, the satellite would be used for transfer of bulk data and information for upcoming telecommunication applications. GSAT-30 has been keenly designed and optimized in order to increase the total number of transponders on the spacecraft.
As confirmed by ISRO on Monday, the satellite has now completed three orbit-raising manoeuvre and it has now entered an orbit that is close to its operational orbit, which is over 35,900 km away from the earth. According to P Kunhikrishnan, the director of U R Rao Satellite Center of ISRO, the launch of GSAT-30 has indeed been an “excellent start to 2020.”